Getting a new puppy and bringing them home for the first time is undoubtedly an exciting time. It can also be somewhat daunting too if you’re not an experienced dog owner because having a small, furry bundle completely reliant on your care is quite a responsibility. Don’t worry, though, as puppy care needn’t be a nervous or traumatic experience.
Indeed, raising a puppy should be enjoyable and rewarding. After all, that’s why you got a puppy in the first place, isn’t it? That’s not to say it can’t be frustrating at times, of course. But once you know how to take care of a puppy properly, you’ll definitely find it a life-enhancing experience.
How to take care of a puppy
Here are the main things you need to consider when it comes to raising a puppy:
Prepare your house for your new friend
Before you even first bring them home, you need to take steps to prepare for your new puppy. Puppies are inquisitive and also have a tendency to chew. You want your house to be as safe as possible for them. This includes things such as keeping poisonous plants and food out of reach, as well as hiding cables they may chew upon.
Organize their vaccinations
You want your puppy to live as healthy and happy life as possible, and for this reason you’ll need to make sure they get all their recommended vaccinations, including for infectious diseases such as kennel cough, parvovirus and distemper.
Start toilet training your puppy
Your puppy will need to learn how to go to the toilet outside rather than peeing and pooping on your carpet.
Begin to socialize your puppy
You need to get your puppy used to strangers, different situations such as car journeys and visits to the park, and other animals.
Get rid of any separation anxiety
Many puppies will howl and bark, or show destructive behavior such as chewing when left alone. This is caused by separation anxiety. It’s important to get your puppy used to being left alone as soon as you can.
Begin obedience training
One of the most important elements of puppy care is obedience training. You’ll form the best bond with your new friend if they know how to behave and what you require from them.
Monitor your puppy for any signs of sickness or disease
If your puppy shows signs of distress or illness, you need to know what to do. There are a variety of things could afflict your puppy, including fleas,
ticks and worms.
Keep on top of grooming
You want your puppy to look their best and have a healthy coat. Some breeds need much more grooming than others, but all will need at least basic maintenance. You will also need to take care of your puppy’s teeth too.
You may wish to get your dog neutered. For females, this will stop them coming into season, reducing mess and stopping them attracting the attention of males dogs. It also reduces the chances of uterus cancer. For males, neutering means they won’t get testicular cancer and can reduce aggression.
Exercise and attention
Puppies are social and playful little creatures and will need attention and exercise. You’ll need to play games with them to keep them occupied and prevent them from getting bored. You’ll also need to make sure they get the exercise they need. The amount needed will depend upon the specific breed.